Self-turning brain implant could help treat patients with Parkinson’s disease

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Parkinson’s disease symptoms used deep stimulation for 25 years, researchers led to look for some improvement in the technique. The system of DBS system has used to take the feedback from the brain itself to fine-tune its signalling. The National Institute of Health’s Brain Research supports Advancing innovation Technology (BRAIN) initiative. The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NNIDS).

 

Parkinson’s disease

For short term trial, two patients with Parkinson’s received a fully implanted, adaptive deep brain stimulation device. The device used differs from the traditional ones can be monitors and module brain activity. This treatment sensing an electrode implanted over the primary motor cortex. A part of the brain critical for normal movement. The signal from this electrode is then fed into a computer program embedded in the device. Which determines whether to stimulate the brain. According to this study, the researchers taught the program to recognize a pattern of brain activity associated with dyskinesia. The uncontrolled movement that is a side effect of deep brain stimulation in Parkinson’s disease.  

 Parkinson’s disease signs and symptoms may include

  • Tremor
  • Slowed movement
  • Rigid muscles
  • Impaired posture and balance
  • Loss of automatic movement
  • Speech changes
  • writing changes

Result of initial, short-term studies aimed at demonstrating the opportunity and effectiveness of using adaptive deep brain stimulation.Which helps to overcome the impediment to the movement of Parkinson’s suggested that this adaptive approach. In other words, It was equally effective at controlling symptoms as traditional deep brain stimulation. Doctors saw and notice the patients noticed no difference in the improvement in movement. Under adaptive stimulation versus constant, open loop stimulation set manually by researches. Finally, adaptive deep brain stimulation did not ongoingly stimulate the brain. The system saved 40% of the device battery energy used during traditional stimulate 

Countless Parkinson patients disease would benefit from deep brain stimulation are difficult to treat because too much stimulation can cause dyskinesia. Therefore finding the correct level of stimulation is like trying to hit a constantly moving target. An effective alternative adaptive system tested. May also limit the adverse effects of traditional deep brain stimulation, but considerable testing remains to be done. 

The NH’s Brain Research through Advancing Innovation Neurotechnologies (BRAIN)

The human brain initiative is aimed to revolutionizing our understanding. The BRAIN Initiative that manages 10 Institute whose missions and current research portfolios complement the goals. NCCIH, NEI, NIA, NIAA, NIBIB, NIDA, NIDCO, NIMH, and NINDS.

NINDS is the nation’s leading funder of research of the brain and nervous system.  NINDS mission is to seek fundamental knowledge about the brain and nervous system and reduce the burden of neurological disease.

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